Life History of Rev. John C. Mickle
Rev. John Mickle was a walking talking model of Jesus Christ. on the LaMoyne College Campus.
Rev. John Mickle childhood hometown of Birmingham, Alabama is one of three cities known as the "Cradle of the Civil Rights Movement. The other two are Montgomery, Alabama & Atlanta Ga.
Rev. John Mickle served as Chaplain and Financial Aid Director at LeMoyne College in Memphis Tennesee during the years 1953 to 1969. During the Civil Rights Era, African Americans in many southern cities organized various non-violent demonstrations and protest to let " the establishment" know that sincerely wanted and needed to eliminate Jim Crow laws in existence in in all southern states. African Americans were called Negros were treated as "Second Class" citizens.
The Jim Crow laws were as follows. They could not shop at most white owned and operated stores. At the discount stores where they were allowed to come in and shop, they could not sit down and eat at the lunch counters, at W. F. Woolworth and sit beside white costumers. At Southern resturants they could not be served at the side door, back door, or not at all. All public accomdations had four separated batherooms labled: ' White Men Only' , 'Black Men Only', 'White Women Only', 'Black Women Only'.
In Memphis Rev. Mickle and other Memphis Interdenominational ministers met with each other One Nergo attorney and discussed ways and stratgies for intergration.
Memphis Student Leader
Rev. John Charles Mickle Jr.
Intregration strategies were needed to convince the white establishment, i.e the Memphis City Council and the Mayor to repeal the Jim Crow Laws. The risks of breaking a city ordances is that,when the citizens are found breaking a city ordinance or law, then the citizens will be arrested by the Memphis Police, taken to jail, booked and finger printed.
" But gentlemen some citizens must be convinced to risk being put in jail. Yes, some citizens must be willing to risk being put in jail, Yes to make a sacrifice for the of us all.
Order 1960 Memphis Civil Rights Leader Rev. Mickle Book
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When some, of Negros risk being put in jail, this action sends a message to the White Establishment. The message is that we are, as a race of people - althought obedient ciztizens for 95 years, have gotten to the point that we are are tired.
----- " We are tired of not being able to eat at White Owned & Operated resturants.
----- " We are tired of going to the side door or the back door, or not at all. To be served meals at White - Owned Resturants.
----- " We are tired of going to the back, of the bus, so that Whites who get on after us,...can sit in the front seats of the city buses, and in the front seats Continental and Trailways 'across- the - country' buses.
----- " We are tired of having separate but equal public schools because they really are not equal. Some of our Negro Princials have informed me "Atty. Latting" that our schools are sent textbooks that are 3 to 5 years old, shipped from White Public Schools.
---- One of Civil Rights Leadership & organizer of College Student Demostrations. After Rev. Mickle & Attoney AA Latting discussing the pressing need to convince the White Establishment to removal the "separate but equal laws & pratices in Memphis. They decided to begin having bi-mon they meeting some of the college students
After having a normal conversation with him. They drove by a fast food resturant on the way home. Mrs. Mickle states that as she walked into her front door the telephone was ringing. She picked it up in time, but it was a nurse at the hospital saying...your husband had just died!!! What Mrs. Sadie exclaimed. She and daughter number #2 who came in sat in living room and crying together. later mrs. Sadie told her children later, " I told that nurse I could never forgive her for not telling me my husband was about to die.
During the years, Rev. Mickle was active in the Civil Rights Movement. They meet to try and stop the Jim Crow Laws.
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